Hajj (pilgrimage) is such a rite which was not innovated by Islam. It had been rather performed by Prophet Abraham. The Qur’an tells us that he was commanded to call on people to perform Hajj. In the Qur’an, we read:
And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass (Al-Hajj 22:27)
There are three types of Hajj: Hajj Tamatu` (which is performing `Umrah “minor pilgrimage” then Hajj), Hajj Ifrad (which is performing Hajj only), and Hajj Qiran (which is performing `Umrah and Hajj together)
The rituals of Hajj include Ihram, Talbiyah, Tawaf, Sa`i, spending night at Mina, standing at Arafat, spending night at Muzdalifah, throwing Jamarat (pebbles) at Mina, and sacrifice. It is highly recommended to visit Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque.
Watch this video to know the rituals of Hajj in detail!