Do Muslims Attribute Divinity to Muhammad?
Name of Questioner: Casey
Date: 19-11-2019 05:53:28 PM
Consultant: Ask About Islam Editorial Team
Dear scholar, I have a question about the divinity of Muhammad. Do Muslims attribute any divinity to their Prophet Muhammad?
Thank you for your question.
With regard to your question, Dr. Ibrahim H. Malabari, a well-known Islamic researcher and author of many Islamic books, states:
Considering the pure and strict monotheism of Islam, this question looks at the outset irrelevant and even absurd. But due to the fact that Muslims highly respect and venerate Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), many non-Muslims, especially in the West, mistakenly believe that Muslims worship him.
Indeed some of them have accused Muslims of believing that Prophet Muhammad is God.
The spectacular event that took place at his death is enough to put all questions related to this issue to rest.
When Prophet Muhammad passed away, his companions, especially those close to him were reluctant to believe the news.
One of the strongest among them who was later to become the second Caliph, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, not only rejected to accept the fact that Prophet Muhammad passed away, but even threatened to kill anyone who would spread this “rumor.”
But Prophet Muhammad’s and Umar’s friend, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq , after verifying the earthly demise of Prophet Muhammad stood up and declared in the firmest of words, “O people! If anyone of you worships Muhammad, Muhammad is dead. [But] if anyone of you worships God, God is Alive and Immortal.”
Abu Bakr then recited the verse that had been revealed to Prophet Muhammad after the battle of Uhud, when many Muslims had been shocked by the false rumor of his death: “Muhammad is naught but a Messenger, Messengers had passed away before him. Why, if he should die or is slain, will you turn upon your heels?” (Quran 3:144)
The verse made such an impact on the people that it was as though they were hearing it for the first time. .
Before his death, Prophet Muhammad cautioned his followers unequivocally that they should not worship or make idols of him like the followers of other Prophets did.
He tirelessly educated them of his mortality and his being a man, except that he is the Messenger of God.
The Quran unequivocally states: “Say [O Prophet]: “I am but a mortal man like all of you.” (Quran 18:110)
The Quran repeats this point several times. He prohibited building a place of worship on top of his grave. Prophet Muhammad in fact was buried in his apartment, which was attached to the main mosque of Medina.
It still remains attached to that same mosque, and while Muslims visit the mosque and pray in it, they only visit his grave and send benedictions upon him.
They do not pray to him for any benefit because doing so is strictly forbidden in Islam.
Finally, it is pertinent to note that not a single Islamic sect considers Muhammad as God or worships him.
We hope this answers your question.
Keep in touch.
Source: Taken from the author's Ten Questions and Answers about Prophet Muhammad Muhammad.